Betula Pendula is a medium-sized, slender-shaped, deciduous tree with prominent white or silver bark that enhances the beauty of the stems and branches. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. Diploid (2n = 28). The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. The male flowers form already in the fall of the previous year and overwinter, before they open in the coming spring. In the following days, the yield is always lower because the wound closes itself on its own. Background: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. Antioxidant activity has also been reported. Sometimes called the ‘Swedish Birch) it does lose the foliage early. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. A small white worm eats out the middle of the leaf, which turns brown. In autumn, the catkins fall whilst the colour of the foliage remains. It has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. the leaf is triangular and linear pointed and has a double-toothed margin. Birch skeletonizer feeding causes leaf browning. The trunks of Silver birches can be up to 80 cm thick. In the stock, sexual maturity begins about ten years later. 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. Betula pendula are rapidly growing, undemanding trees, which after about 50 years have reached their final height of about 25 meters (82 ft). Betula cordifolia - Heart-leaf birch or mountain paper birch; Betula pendula - Silver birch; Betula mandschurica - Manchurian birch Betula mandschurica var. The unusual feathery foliage is light green in spring and summer. Betula pendula is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies / moths and other pollinators. An exception is Northern Scandinavia. Between March and the beginning of May, the flowering of Silver birch begins. Birch is a tree. Betula pendula 'Dark Prince' is a weeping Birch with rich, dark purple foliage that works as a lovely contrast to the whitening bark. B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Birch leaf miner is a common insect pest of birch. The fine, weeping branches of the tree as well as its beautiful autumn color make it a wonderful addition to your landscape design. Noteworthy Characteristics. Later, the trunk assumes its characteristic shape and is rolling white. The thin-skinned nutlets are about three millimeters long. Sourced by expert botanists worldwide. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. The young leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the spring and dried for later use. In spring, bright-green leaves emerge, contrasting strongly with the pale colour of the bark on the limbs of the trees. As a timber birch wood is rather unsuitable. From the bleeding juice of the birch hair is made. J Ethnopharmacol. Leaves ovate, yellow in autumn. Present study investigated B. pendula ethanolic and aqueous extract as inhibitors of carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes, as well as their ability to restore glutathione concentration in Hep G2 cells subjected to glucose-induced oxidative stress. Finland has the highest quality birchwood stocks. As is the case with paper birch (B. papyrifera), this tree is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips. When the tree matures the leaves form a drooping effect due to lateral branches. The European birch is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, dieback and Marssonina leaf spot. The trunks of birches are covered with white or darkish, often papery bark. Hillocks, soil compaction and variable water levels have a negative influence on the health of this birch. A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem. The European white birch is widespread in Europe and beyond. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. The buds of Silver birch are up to four millimeters long and are brownish to glossy green. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. The autumn colour is strikingly yellow, 'Youngii' rarely flowers. Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring, Details Betula alba, Family An aqueous birch leaf extract of Betula pendula inhibits the growth and cell division of inflammatory lymphocytes. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries Wildlife Gardens, Pests Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem, Diseases The trees were treated by inoculating 10 leaves on a shoot with Melampsoridium betulinum urediniospore suspension or spraying the control leaves with water. To get to the birch sap, a branch is sawn off and the escaping juice is collected with a container (bucket). Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. A number of cultivars are available, including types that are cutleaf, weeping or have yellowish or purplish foliage. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. Moxa is made from the yellow fungous excrescences of the wood, which sometimes swell out of the fissures. Will grow in a wide range of situations. Read more. Below the bark of Silver birch is the white to yellowish-white wood. Specific leaf area (SLA, cm2 g-1) in short shoot leaves of Betula pendula clones 4 and 80, averaged over each growing season±SD; (b, c) mean stomatal density (cm−2)±SD in clones 4 (b) and 80 (c). Includes Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Dura Heat™, Betula nigra 'Cully' Heritage™, Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut-leaf Birch, Betula pendula 'Fastigiata', Betula pendula - Silver Birch, Betula platyphylla 'Fargo' Dakota Pinnacle™, Betula platyphylla var. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. The juice of the birch is drinkable and tastes a bit sweet. Betula pendula 'Alba' is a weeping deciduous tree with a beautiful white trunk, pendulous branches and silvery green foliage. 2011 Jul 14;136(3):444-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.05.018. AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of Cut Leaf Birch. Spring and summer sees Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ … It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. Even ladders, tables, chairs or wooden shoes are made from the wood of Silver birch. 20-50 years, Cultivation overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit    | overview trunksoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. 1. In the Alpine region, the trees can be found up to 1,900 meters (6.200 ft) in height. The male kittens are of yellowish color. The skeletonizer larva is yellowish-green and one quarter-inch long. At this time, the birch has already begun with the pressure build-up for the upcoming leaf ejection. was formerly used in households as hair tonic or made into jelly or birch (birch limo). Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Epub 2011 May 17. QUANTIFIED REFERENCE EXTRACTS (QRE) ... Betula pendula … They flower when coming into leaf in the spring. The male catkins are conspicuous yellow, the female flower is inconspicuous. This attractive tree has a pryamidal to ovate shape. Native to almost entire Europe, where it is used as an important timber producer. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings or grafting, Suggested planting locations and garden types Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. Betula pendula 'Pupurea', more commonly known as Purple Birch, has dark purple foliage that contrasts beautifully with the silvery white bark, making this an ideal feature tree. Effective when planted in small groups or as a multi-stemmed specimen, Propagation Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Magnoliopsida - Order: Sapindales - Family: Betulaceae. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. On the other hand it is used especially as plywood. Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ This is a ‘cut leaf’ variety with almost feathery foliage, same pendulus foliage. Betula pendula is characterized by acute-angled branches and overhanging branches. 020 3176 5800 Birch leaf extracts are known to exhibit a number of pharmacological activities. Bark on twigs without methyl salicylate. These have an upright habit and are sometimes multiple-stemmed. or hybrids of both species.The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have been cultivated or found in the wild. The Cut Leaf Birch makes a striking landscape specimen. Golden Beauty is more resistant to sun scorch than some of the other golden birches (particularly Golden Cloud). A decoction of the leaves and bark is used for bathing skin eruptions. The leaves of White birch are up to 7 cm (2.8 in) long and pointed. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. in rare cases the trees reach a height of 30 meters. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat, is used for nesting materials, makes a good wildlife hedge, has seeds for birds and is a caterpilar food plant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. There are hardly any differences in color between the core and the sapwood. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Birch wood is difficult to split, elastic and shrinks strongly. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height Its leaves change from green to gold in autumn which makes it a lovely tree for year-round interest. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Growing to a stately 12m in height by 5m wide Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ is set apart from other Betula pendula varieties by it’s deeply cut leaves. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 - 25 m (16 - 82 ft) high. Birch water occurs in spring won the sprouting of the leaves. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Female catkins pendulous. Silver birch is found in sparse deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests and is native to almost all of Europe. BACKGROUND: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. 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